The historical town symbol of sparkling past
About 10 miles from Rome, there is Tivoli, a historical town located along the slopes of Tiburtine elevations. Its foundation dates back to 1215 BC when it was used as a meeting point between various communities.
From artistic jewels, symbol of sparkling past, to numerous shrines, from the paths in the nature to the gastronomic tastings: the Tibur Superbum, so mentioned by Virgilio in the Eneide, is a city with many aspects. Far from the hustle and bustle of the capital, decide to visit the area on your own two feet is ideal. Only in this way you will be able to enjoy fully the beautiful landscapes, indeed.
Starting from the centre of the town you can see externally the Sanctuary of Hercules Winner (the structure is not open to the public), erected in honour of the protector God of ancient Tibur. It is a sacred structure of the 2nd century BC. No doubt even about the special interest of Albule baths that dates back to Roman times, result of the fusion between two different cultures, that is to say the Egyptian steam bath and the Greek gymnasium.
Not to be missed is the Casa Gotica, one of the most peculiar buildings of the town, Ponte Gregoriano, which connects the centre with Villa Gregoriana and Rocca Pia, overlooking the historical centre.
However, the real attractions of the area are the imperious Villa Adriana, the charming Villa d’Este, World Heritage Site by UNESCO and Villa Gregoriana managed by FAI. It is therefore not a case that the uniqueness of these places is the reason why poets, painters and aristocrats stayed near Tivoli in the 19th century.
After walking along the historical centre of Tivoli, discovering the glimpses and characteristic corners, the walking tour continues with the visit of Villa Adriana, one of the most important examples of World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1999.
Built in Roman times, between 118 and 138 AD, by Emperor Adriano, the structure is an expression of the architectural genius of the owner, who managed to give space to original and innovative architectural solutions. Despite centuries and changes made by successive owners, the Villa still retains the extraordinary beauty of that time.
Originally it covered an area of 120 hectares, currently the visitable area is about 40 hectares, which well preserves and certifies the size of the complex.
Even today it is possible to admire:
Of course the Maritime Theater, a minor residence, is a symbol of Villa Adriana’s uniqueness.
Less than 1 mile from the centre of Tivoli there is Villa D’Este, the last stop of the walk tour. The UNESCO World Heritage Site dates back to 1560 when it was erected through the will of Cardinal Ippolito II d’Este.
The project was conceived by the painter and architect Pirro Ligorio and realized by the architect of court Alberto Galvani. Fountains, water lilies, hydraulic music, caves and water games are just some of the reasons why citizens and tourists should visit one of the most beautiful Renaissance residences.
As a matter of fact, besides admiring the extraordinary character of the structure, you can also go back in time, discovering the history and the secrets of the book world by visiting the Book Museum, located within the gardens of the structure. The museum hosts international seminars, conferences and educational activities.